The Museum of La Specola

The Museum of La Specola is a hidden gem in Florence, steeped in history and charm, captivating science enthusiasts and culture aficionados alike. Established in 1775, it stands as Europe's oldest scientific museum, housing an extraordinary collection of zoology and anatomy.
Located within the captivating Palazzo Torrigiani, at Via Romana 17, the museum derives its name from the astronomical observatory constructed on the rooftop of the building at the behest of Grand Duke Pietro Leopoldo. However, its true marvel lies in the anatomical collection, unparalleled in its antiquity and breadth.
In the 18th century, medical education relied heavily on cadaver dissection. Yet, the Grand Duke, known for his enlightened spirit, sought to revolutionize teaching methods by creating intricately detailed anatomical wax models. Crafted by master modelers such as Clemente Susini and Francesco Calenzuoli, these models are astonishingly lifelike and represent a true masterpiece of scientific art.
Today, only a fraction of this remarkable collection is on display to the public, maintained at a constant temperature of 18 degrees to preserve its integrity. 
Among the most celebrated models is the "Anatomical Venus," with its intricate vascular system created using silk threads soaked in wax.
Each displayed figure tells a unique story of discovery and scientific progress, showcasing the talent and mastery of its creators. The Museum of La Specola continues to inspire scholars and visitors worldwide, celebrating the marriage of art and science that has made Florence one of Europe's cultural capitals.


Altri articoli
Anna Maria Luisa and the Family Pact
Anna Maria Luisa and the Family Pact

Thanks to this astute decision, Florence has preserved much of its extraordinary artistic, historical, and cultural heritage virtually intact.

Pretorio Palace
Pretorio Palace

The restoration works conducted in 2020-2021

The stone of the outrage
The stone of the outrage

From 1282 priors were representatives of the seven Major guilds: they fighted against the old aristocratic families revenging an active role of trade in Florence.

The Marzocco, the symbol
The Marzocco, the symbol

A cage full of lions was situated behind Piazza Signoria in the actual Via dei Leoni in the middle of XIV century to protect priors.