As the saying goes: " Florence is blind and Pisa is a traitor" Event the famous poet Dante Alighieri in his Comedy says Florence is renowned to be a too-confident city. Read the passage of the Hell (XV, 67)!
In 1632 the scientist published his "Discorso sui massimi sistemi" and he risked to be burnt at the stake: in his treaty he supported Copernico's eliocentric theory against the geocentric one supported by the church
Giorgio Vasari and Giovanni Stradano painted the "Arrival of the Pope In Florence" between 1555-1562. It is now preserved inside Palazzo Vecchio, in a room entitled to Leo X that completely tells us about his life.
Enrico Pazzi decorated even the base of the statue with four heraldic lions symbol of the Florentine Republic.
The sculptor and his subject are united by a strange circumstance: Dante was born in Florence and died...
The artist drew even his self-portrait depicting the attitude of an imprisoned man. Nobody thought he was hidden in the holy place of the Medici family, the new Sacisty he was sculpting since 1520 for the pope he hated..
It's a little bit strange because the Cathedral and the three doors too are entirely dedicated to the Virgin Mary. No, not at all because the artist wants to tell us the terrible experience he lived in 1885.
The wonderful decorations on the ceilings were commissioned by Cosimo I to Giorgio Vasari and his equipe in 1550s when the duke imposed his government establishing in the city-hall of Florence with his family.